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GCN : May 2013
[BrieFing] 12 GCN MAY 2013 • GCN.COM Law enforcement and security teams increasingly want to track crime trends, patterns and correlations without having to manipulate the data itself. They also want tools to zero in more quickly on critical data, uncovering patterns within both structured elds and unstructured data embedded within documents, reports, e-mails, blogs and text mes- sages. Three years ago, the Alexandria, Va., Police Department's Crime Analysis Unit wanted a way to track drug and gang activity by pulling information from police case reports and other sources found in disparate les and data sets. The unit has an in-house database linked to the department's records management system, but the database has search limitations and is not very intuitive, said Matt Smith, supervisor of the police department's crime analysis unit. The unit turned to IxReveal, an analyt- ics company whose software lets users fuse and extract trends from any data, structured or unstructured. The soft- ware --- uReveal --- "harmonizes" data by fusing information without the need for extensive data-mapping, according to Ren Mohan, IxReveal's co-chairman and CTO. "Our platform bypasses extraction by empowering any user to identify entities or concepts of interest in data in its natural state," Mohan said. This is a signi cant shift, he said, providing a layman-friendly approach that increases speed of processing and cuts IT costs. For instance, a police analyst might be looking for information about a po- tential suspect who is a gang member, carries a silver gun and has fought with the police. "Silver hand gun," "gang member," and "hostility towards police" would all be concepts of interest, ac- cording to an example presented by IxReveal. The analyst would then select the data sources where this informa- tion could be found --- databases of police or arrest records, crime incident databases, tips from the public in PDF format, RSS news feeds or Web pages. The software then allows the analyst to use link discovery analysis to discov- er contextual relationships in thousands of documents. In the example given, the suspect, who carries a Desert Eagle chrome-plated silver hand gun, was dis- covered not in the weapons or property elds of the document, but in the police of cer's written narrative. Alexandria's Crime Analysis Unit is using the software to create concepts, which can contain different search keywords, phrases and exclusion words to determine if any fall within their data sets, Smith said. "You can take struc- tured reports and elds and turn them into unstructured [data], so you can search phrases against narratives or other elds in that report," he explained. "We use it a lot for tracking gang activi- ties, drugs cases and drug trends." For example, a speci c gang such as Mara Salvatrucha might be mentioned in various reports as MS-13, MS13 or Mara Salvatrucha. Police analysts can lump all the information together, ex- tract pertinent case information and use other software programs to manipulate data, Smith said. A list of cases can also be mapped into ArchMap, a component of ESRI's ArcGIS suite of geospatial processing programs used to view, edit, create and analyze geospatial data. Or the informa- tion can be imported into a visual intel- ligence tool such as IBM's i2 Analyst's Notebook. Using all of these tools, police can create link charts, point maps and hotspot maps to show historical areas that have gang activity or speci c types of drug activity. • Police tap layman-friendly analytics to track gang activity BY RUTRELL YASIN IxReveal's uReveal analytic software tses four algorithmic methods to derive more meaningful results from structured and unstructured data. UNBIASED LEARNING Without any query, analysts can discover meaningful concepts. Addresses the concept that "you don't know what you don't know." OLAP FOR TEXT/ COLLABORATION Analyzes text like spreadsheets on num- bers. Regardless of numbers or codes, ana- lyst can mix, match and build concepts like LEGO blocks and share expertise. AUTOMATED CLASSIFICATION (context disambiguation) Automatically classifies flu bug, software bug, insect bug, spy bug and Volkswagen bug. RELATIONSHIP DISCOVERY Relates disparate mentions of concepts such as "automobile was going fast" with "car was speeding." Source: IxReveal CUTTING BIG DATA DOWN TO SIZE