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GCN : January 2014
GCN JANUARY 2014 • GCN.COM 21 3. DEMAND RISES FOR CYBERSECURITY AS A SERVICE. Cybersecurity threats will continue to morph, evolve and mul- tiply to keep agency admins on their toes. In fact, the research and analysis company Ovum predicts 2014 will bring "more of the same," just at higher volumes. The greater complexity of software, hardware and systems will put a premium on automation --- and on the need to protect data rather than systems. Additionally, the expanding requirement for threat intelligence and analytics to defend complex systems will also make security as a service an increas- ingly attractive option for agencies this year. The recent award of a $6 billion blanket purchase agree- ment to 17 companies for security monitoring tools under the Homeland Security Department's Continuous Diagnostics and Mitigation program is a step in this direction. But it has been hampered by uncertainty in the federal budget. Congress should make sure the investment sticks. "It's critical that the program continue to move forward in a constructive way, and without budget interference," said Jody Brazil, presi- dent of the security management firm Firemon. 4. HADOOP GOES MAINSTREAM --- AND REAL-TIME. Government managers want faster and faster access to data and analytics as they address multiple priorities in 2014, includ- ing cybersecurity, fraud detection, medical research, weather modeling and situational awareness. As a result, big data tools that deliver real-time analysis and pattern recognition will be in high demand. On the shopping list for more agencies are Apache Hadoop, the open-source tool that breaks up and distributes processing of large data sets, and NoSQL databases, which can handle unstructured data and deliver fast query responses. This year, these technologies will become more widely deployed in conjunction with traditional IT systems and data- bases, say government IT watchers. Hadoop, which has gone through a rapid maturing process over the past year, is ready to enter the mainstream, they say. Historically, "you had to be a Java programmer or NoSQL database expert to get any analytics out of Hadoop," said Ely Kahn, vice president at Sqrrl, which has a commercial version of the Accumulo NoSQL database. Now Hadoop is adopting SQL-based interfaces that most programmers are used to. Features are being added that broaden Hadoop's uses in the enterprise mainstream. These include the "ability to know the lineage of any data in the system, not just where the data came from but who acted on it and what changes were made," said Bob Gourley, CTO of research firm CrucialPoint. Hadoop is also becoming more capable of processing in real time and using search features such as Lucene with Hadoop data sets. These improvements are giving rise to the concept of an "enterprise data hub," Gourley said, where big data can be presented so multiple applications can access it. 5. NSA DISCLOSURES BOOST ENCRYPTION. To enhance situational awareness, information should be shared. But this is proving surprisingly difficult --- not because of technology, but because of culture. A lot of people have been #3 #4